Dr. Sébastien Guillet
Sébastien is a paleoclimatologist and physical geographer seeking to better understand how climate has varied over the Holocene. To reconstruct past climate variability and put the recent warming into perspective, he uses several natural archives or proxies such as tree-ring and ice core records. He is also a historical climatologist studying in the documentary records meteorological extremes, natural hazards as well as their impacts upon past societies.
Sébastien received a Bachelor in geography and history in 2010, and a Master in physical geography in 2012, from University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne. He was awarded a PhD in earth sciences by the University of Bern in 2017. In his doctoral work, he investigated the impacts of the 12th and 13th century volcanic eruptions upon North Hemisphere climates.
Sébastien is a scientific collaborator at the University of Geneva’s Institute for Environmental Sciences (ISE), where he teaches about climate change, paleoclimatology, dendrochronology and dendroclimatology.
Guillet, S., Corona, C., Ludlow, F.M., Oppenheimer, C., Stoffel, M., 2020. Climatic and societal impacts of a “forgotten” cluster of volcanic eruptions in 1108-1110 CE. Scientific Reports 10, 6715.
Oppenheimer, C., Orchard, A., Stoffel, M., Newfield, T., Guillet, S., Corona, C., Sigl, M., Di Cosmo, N., Büntgen, U., 2018. The Eldgjá eruption: timing, long-range impacts and influence on the Christianisation of Iceland. Climatic Change 147, 369–381.
Guillet, S., Corona, C., Stoffel, M., Khodri, M., Lavigne, F., Ortega, P., Eckert, N., Selenniou, P., Daux, V., Churakova (Sidorova), O., Davi, N., Edouard, J.L., Yong, Z., Luckman, B.H., Myglan, V.S., Guiot, J., Beniston, M., Masson-Delmotte, V., Oppenheimer, C., 2017. Climate response to the Samalas volcanic eruption in 1257 revealed by proxy records. Nature Geoscience 10, 123–128.
Oppenheimer, C., Wacker, L., Xu, J., Galván, D., Stoffel, M., Guillet, S., Corona, C., Sigl, M., Di Cosmo, N., Hajdas, I., Pan, B., Breuker, R., Schneider, L., Esper, J., Fei, J., Hammond, J., Büntgen, U., 2017. Multi-proxy dating the ‘Millennium Eruption’ of Changbaishan to late 946 CE. Quaternary Science Reviews 158, 164–171.
Stoffel, M., Khodri, M., Corona, C., Guillet, S., Poulain, V., Bekki, S., Guiot, J., Luckman, B.H., Oppenheimer, C., Lebas, N., Beniston, M., Masson-Delmotte, V., 2015. Estimates of volcanic-induced cooling in the Northern Hemisphere over the past 1,500 years. Nature Geoscience 8: 784–788.
Lavigne, F., Degeai, J.P., Komorowski, J.C., Guillet, S., Lahitte, P., Robert, V., Oppenheimer, C., Stoffel, M., Vidal, C.M., Wassmer, P., Hajdas, I., Hadmoko, D.S., Pratomo, I., De Bélizal, E., Surono, 2013. Identity of the volcano responsible for the mid-thirteenth century “mystery eruption” revealed: Mt. Samalas, Indonesia, AD 1257. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 110(42), 16742–16747.